THE BRITISH COLONIES IN 1863

 

According to the 1763 Treaty of Paris, the French were expelled from North America. By this time,  the people of the British colonies in North America had developed a relationship with the British Parliament which seemed satisfactory to both. That relationship included:

1. An understanding of imperial control relative to colonial self-government.

2. A working relationship which dealt with the principle of Parliamentary authority and colonial liberties.

3. A recognition by the colonists that King and Parliament had exclusive authority over foreign affairs, war & peace and overseas trade.

In effect, the colonists within each of the thirteen North American British colonies had acquired Home Rule which included the exclusive right of their freely elected representative Assemblies to:

1. Tax themselves.

2. Appoint most of their own officials, fix their salaries, maintain colonial militias and commission colonial militia officers.

3. Appoint & pay judges.

The colonists residing in all thirteen of these British colonies enjoyed:

1.  Freedom of the press, speech & assembly.

2. Freedom of worship.

3. Trial by a jury of their peers.

4. Exemption from impressiment into military service.

5. Protection from search/seizure of their property except by legally obtained search warrant/court order.

6. Skilled trades/professions that were open to all.

7. The right to vote.

8. Access to the cheap lands of the West.

9. The right to keep and bear arms.

With the elimination of the French, the colonists of the thirteen British colonies expected to continue the nature and elements of the relationship they had enjoyed with the King and the Parliament prior to 1763.

That expectation would quickly be dashed.

In the next newsletter, I will describe the nature of  the post-French 1763 colonial program devised by British Prime Minister Grenville’s government.

 

The First North American British Colonies

The first British  colony was successfully founded in North America in 1607 at Jamestown,Virginia. The second British colony established was 617 miles to the north at Plymouth, Massachusetts .
The hardy souls who survived their first winters were separated from England by an ocean and a perilous sea journey of months.  In addition, they were not even aware of the other colony. Instead, they were separated by dense forests with no roads.
So, they had to survive alone without the support of those in either Great Britain or North America. Those who managed to survive the early years, had learned how to do so on their own. They all had learned the hard way that no title conferred by the crown, parliament or trading company would provide food or security. The fools who thought that, lay buried in New World burial grounds.
The hundreds who did survive the brutal early years became a spirited race of people. They prized their independence and did not tolerate those who followed with titles and other trappings of the Old World.

Travel to America

This is the type of ship that The Colonists use to get to America.

 

 

 The original Susan Constant, Godspeed and Discovery set sail from London on December 20, 1606, bound for Virginia. The ships carried 105 passengers and 39 crew members on the four-month transatlantic voyage. A 17th-century source noted that a total of 71 people were aboard the Susan Constant, 52 aboard the Godspeed and 21 aboard the Discovery. The expedition was sponsored by the Virginia Company of London, a business venture that had been organized to form a colony in Virginia. The fleet reached the Virginia coast in late April and, after two weeks of inland waterway exploration, arrived at the selected settlement site on May 13, 1607.